Definisi Bukti Digital

  1. Definisi Bukti Digital dari berbagai sumber:
  1. Menurut Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Acquisition of Digital Evidence: Begins when information and/or physical items are collected or stored for examination purposes. The term "evidence" implies that the collector of evidence is recognized by the courts. The process of collecting is also assumed to be a legal process and appropriate for rules of evidence in that locality. A data object or physical item only becomes evidence when so deemed by a law enforcement official or designee.
Data Objects: Objects or information of potential probative value that are associated with physical items. Data objects may occur in different formats without altering the original information.
Digital Evidence: Information of probative value stored or transmitted in digital form.
Physical Items: Items on which data objects or information may be stored and/or through which data objects are transferred.
Original Digital Evidence: Physical items and the data objects associated with such items at the time of acquisition or seizure.
Duplicate Digital Evidence: An accurate digital reproduction of all data objects contained on an original physical item.
Copy: An accurate reproduction of information contained on an original physical item, independent of the original physical item.
  1. Menurut National Forensic Science Technology Center (NFSTC)
Digital evidence is defined as information and data of value to an investigation that is stored on, received or transmitted by an electronic device. This evidence can be acquired when electronic devices are seized and secured for examination.
Digital evidence:
  • Is latent (hidden), like fingerprints or DNA evidence
  • Crosses jurisdictional borders quickly and easily
  • Can be altered, damaged or destroyed with little effort Can be time sensitive
  • Can be time sensitive
Information that is stored electronically is said to be ‘digital’ because it has been broken down into digits; binary units of ones (1) and zeros (0), that are saved and retrieved using a set of instructions called software or code.  Any kind of information—photographs, words, spreadsheets—can be created and saved using these types of instructions. Finding and exploiting evidence saved in this way is a growing area of forensics and constantly changes as the technology evolves.
  1. Menurut Wikipedia
Digital evidence or electronic evidence is any probative information stored or transmitted in digital form that a party to a court case may use at trial.[1] Before accepting digital evidence a court will determine if the evidence is relevant, whether it is authentic, if it is hearsay and whether a copy is acceptable or the original is required.
  1. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Digital evidence includes information on computers, audio files, video recordings, and digital images. This evidence is essential in computer and Internet crimes, but is also valuable for facial recognition, crime scene photos, and surveillance tapes.
  1. Menurut peraturan perundang-undangan.
Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Acara Pidana memang tidak menyebutkan secara jelas tentang apa yang dimaksud dengan barang bukti. Namun dalam Pasal 39 ayat (1) KUHAP disebutkan mengenai apa-apa saja yang dapat disita, yaitu:
  • benda atau tagihan tersangka atau terdakwa yang seluruh atau sebagian diduga diperoleh dari tindakan pidana atau sebagai hasil dari tindak pidana.
  • benda yang telah dipergunakan secara langsung untuk melakukan tindak pidana atau untuk mempersiapkannya.
  • benda yang digunakan untuk menghalang-halangi penyelidikan tindak pidana.
  • benda yang khusus dibuat atau diperuntukkan melakukan tindak pidana.
  • benda lain yang mempunyai hubungan langsung dengan tindak pidana yang dilakukan.
B. Kesimpulan
Barang Bukti Digital adalah informasi dan data yang disimpan, diterima atau ditransmisikan dari media elektronik dan digunakan untuk keperluan investigasi suatu kasus tertentu




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